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|1||Cook, E. W., Greyson, B., & Stevenson, I. (1998).
Do any near-death experiences provide evidence for survival of human
personality after death? Relevant features and illustrative case
reports. Journal of Scientific Exploration, 12(3), 377-406
Abstract: One of the main reasons that near-death experiences have generated so much interest in recent years among the general public is because they seem to provide evidence that consciousness survives the death of the physical body. It is puzzling, therefore, that most researchers -- both those interested in NDEs and those interested in survival research -- have neglected to address the question of whether NDEs do provide evidence for survival. We describe three features of NDEs -- enhanced mentation, the experience of seeing the physical body from a different position in space, and paranormal perceptions -- that we believe might provide convergent evidence supporting the survival hypothesis. We then describe 7 published cases and 7 cases from our own collection that contain all three features. These cases are all -- with one possible exception -- somewhat deficient with regard to their recording and investigation, but they exemplify the type of case that should be identified earlier and investigated more thoroughly than these have been, and that may then help us decide the extent to which NDEs can contribute to the evidence for survival of consciousness after death.
Copyright: Copyright © (1998). Reprinted with permission of the Journal of Scientific Exploration.
|2||Owens, J. E., Cook, E. W., & Stevenson, I. (1990).
Features of 'near-death experience' in relation to whether or not
patients were near death. Lancet, 336(8), 1175-1177
Abstract: The medical records of 58 patients, most of whom believed they were near death during an illness or after an injury and all of whom later remembered unusual experiences occurring at the time, were examined. 28 patients were judged to have been so close to death that they would have died without medical intervention; the other 30 patients were not in danger of dying although most of them thought they were. Patients of both groups reported closely similar experiences but patients who really were close to death were more likely than those who were not to report an enhanced perception of light and enhanced cognitive powers. The claim of enhancement of cognitive functions despite the likelihood that brain function had probably become disturbed and possibly diminished, deserves further investigation.
Copyright: This article was published in The Lancet, 336(8724), Owens, J. E., Cook, E. W., & Stevenson, I., Features of 'near-death experience' in relation to whether or not patients were near death, 1175-1177, Copyright Elsevier (1990).
|3||Stevenson, I., & Cook, E. W. (1995). Involuntary memories during severe physical illness.
Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 183(7), 452-458
Abstract: No abstract.
Copyright: Copyright © (1995). Reprinted by permission of Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease.
|4||Stevenson, I., Cook, E. W., & McClean-Rice, N.
(1989-1990). Are persons reporting 'near-death experiences' really near
death? A study of medical records. Omega, 20(1), 45-54
Abstract: In the cases of 107 patients who reported unusual experiences during an illness or injury, such as seeing their own body from a different position in space, medical records were obtained for forty patients. These were examined and rated according to the evidence they provided of grave, 1ife-threatening illness or injury. Eighteen patients (45%) were judged to have had serious, life-threatening illnesses or injuries, but twenty-two (55%) were rated as having had no life-threatening condition. Nevertheless, thirty-three (82.5%) of the patients believed that they had been 'dead' or near death. Deficiencies in the medical records may account for a few of the discrepancies between patients' reports and medical records. However, it seems likely that an important precipitator of the so-called near-death experience is the belief that one is dying-whether or not one is in fact close to death.
Copyright: Copyright © (1989). Reprinted with permission of Baywood Publishing Company, Inc.
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